Ayazini in Phrygia




Byzantine Rock Church  

The place Ayazini (also Ayazin, in Byzantine time Metropolis) lies in a valley running from southwest to northeast, which exhibits a tufa landscape, which is crossed by rock churches and - dwellings in the kind of the Cappadocian cave buildings.
The most important sacred building is a Byzantine cross-domed church at the entrance to today's village of the same name. It has a barrel vault, a row of six (demolished) columns and a baptistery reaching further into the rock.
It is noteworthy that the main and secondary apse as well as a part of the dome are not only worked into the stone from the inside, but are also modelled on the outside.


The Islamic cemetery  

Further along the valley there are smaller chapels, a larger residential and monastery complex in a side valley and rock tombs of Roman origin. Some of these graves are located above the Islamic cemetery, including the grave with the Ionic columns, which contains ten niche graves on two floors. The tomb was converted into a church in Byzantine times. In another tomb there is a relief with two lions.

The tomb with the ionic columns  
Ten niche graves on two floors  

Roman rock tomb above the Islamic cemetery  

Relief with two lions in a grave  


The road to Avdales Kalesi  



At the end of the village a small road turns left. After passing a narrow gorge with a single-lane road, the landscape widens until a striking rock formation, Avdalaz Castle (Turkish: Avdalaz Kalesi), can be seen.





Avdalaz Kalesi


Avdalaz Kalesi was founded during the Byzantine period and served as a residential and defensive complex. This type of hollowed out tuff rock is reminiscent of the residential rocks in Cappadocia. Such rock formations can be found again and again in ancient Phrygia.

tairs to the interior of Avdalaz Kalesi    
Photos: @chim, Monika P.    
Translation aid: www.DeepL.com/Translator    
Source: Wikipedia and others